Human Wildlife Conflict Resilience Fund.
the Jane Goodall Institute Uganda in partnership with Eco-Trust and Chimp Trust is implementing an 18 months project in Uganda’s Albertine region in specific Masindi district.
The project aims to enhance community resilience to losses from wildlife incursions through the development of local and regional compensation schemes that is anchored on a community-driven and financed mechanism.The scheme is one of several complimentary measures for community long term engagement in sustainable natural resource management .
Objectives and expected outputs .
- Establish a community-based resilience fund operated at local level with support from partners
2) Build awareness programs for the sustainable management of natural resources.
3) Augment existing community based forest monitoring system to cover HWC issues.
Project Target Area.
The project target conservation landscape is the Albertine Rift eco-region that ranks first out of the 119 distinct terrestrial eco-regions of continental Africa in terms of endemic species of birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians, and second in terms of globally threatened species; there are around 567 endemic plant species (Plumptre et al. 2003). In the north of the planning area is the famous Murchison Falls National Park; along the wall of the Rift and bordering Lake Albert are the Bugungu, Kabwoya and Toro-Semliki Wildlife Reserves. These areas are maintained for wildlife and tourism and managed by the Uganda Wildlife Authority. Scattered through the landscape are numerous Central Forest Reserves under the jurisdiction of the National Forestry Authority. These are managed for biodiversity conservation and in some cases for timber production, but most are highly degraded and have low economic potential. There are additional community managed areas: Kaiso-Tonya Community Wildlife Area, various community forests, and some forest areas under the management of the districts and of Bunyoro-Kitara and Tooro Kingdoms.
Much of the forest area in the northern Rift remains under private ownership (legally documented or customary tenure). It is estimated that 70% of the forest in the Rift was located on private lands (UNDP-GEF 2007). The project site – Kasongoire Parish, Budongo Sub County in Masindi District – is contiguous with Budongo Central Forest Reserve that abates Murchison Falls Conservation Area. Kasongoire parish has patches of privately-owned riparian forests that directly connect with Budongo and Bugoma and is part of close to 280,000 acres (113,466 hectares) of vital wildlife migratory corridors in the Albertine Rift Eco-region held by private landowners and small communities.
Ongoing undertaking in the Project area.
1): Establishing a community-based resilience fund operated at local level with support from partners.
- Developing a financial strategy to ensure continued growth of the resilience fund;
- Developing guidelines for the financial and institutional set-up of the Resilience Fund.
- Establishing Parish level Human-wildlife Conflict compensation scheme, including establishing a committee, with one member from each village committee and parish officials and establish roles and responsibilities.
- Establishing mechanisms for community (household level) contribution to from the profits accrued from the alternative income generating enterprises.
- implementing a Private Sector led mechanisms for financing of the HW compensation schemes.
2): Building awareness programs for the sustainable management of natural resources.
This is being carried out through developing a multi-level public awareness program, targeting the local population. The program is focusing on the ecological and socio-economic importance of the forests to raise public support and public roles in human-wildlife conflict management. The program is also involving increased co-operation with and support for local organizations, especially the newly established HWC Committees.
The activities include:
- Conducting awareness needs assessment(survey using questionnaires) in community and area schools.
- Developing an informal education and outreach program, to include targeted education and awareness materials related to local environmental and HWC issues;
- Disseminating education and awareness materials in the targeted villages in cooperation with local institutions such as schools and local councils;
- Undertaking pre and post evaluations of knowledge and attitudes.
3): Augmenting existing community based forest monitoring system to cover HWC issues.
The project is Incorporating HWC monitoring into existing community forest monitoring units and data collection on HWC “hot spots is being collected.The data collected is uploaded onto a database documenting all incidences of HWC and their outcomes and the information is disseminated to the public for appropriate action from HWC Committees.The monitors have also been equipped and trained to use ODK Collect – a practical and easy to use community mobile mapping and monitoring platform that runs on hand-held android devices.
Key activities include:
- Conducting appraisal to determine HWC monitoring priorities.
- Developing framework for HWC monitoring.
- Training community representatives to conduct HWC monitoring.
- Deploying , collecting and disseminating HWC data.